Additional bibliography

NEH Summer Scholars may find the following works useful, but inclusion herein does not necessarily constitute an endorsement by the Institute’s co-directors.  Note also the additional translations and the Latin editions and commentaries listed elsewhere on this site.

General Discussions on Roman theatre

Beacham, Richard C. 1992. The Roman Theatre and Its Audience. Cambridge, MA.
Beare, William. 1964. The Roman Stage: A Short History of Latin Drama in the Time of the Republic. 3d ed. London.
Bieber, Margarete. 1961. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater. 2nd ed. Princeton.
Lefèvre, Eckard (ed.). 1978. Das römische Drama. Darmstadt.
Csapo, Eric and William J. Slater. 1995. The Context of Ancient Drama. Ann Arbor.
Dupont, Florence. 1985. L’acteur-roi: Le théatre à Rome. Paris.
Garton, Charles. 1972. Personal Aspects of the Roman Theatre. Toronto,.
Gratwick, Adrian. 1982. “Drama.” 77-137 in Cambridge History of Classical Literature I: Latin Literature, ed. by E. J. Kenney and W. Clausen. Cambridge.
Gruen, Erich S. 1992. “The Theater and Aristocratic Culture.” 183-222 in Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome. Ithaca.
Jory, E.J. “Continuity and Change in the Roman Theatre.” 143-52 in Betts, Hooker, and Oren, edd., Studies in Honour of T.B.L. Webster (Bristol, 1986) 143-52.
Moore, T.J.  2012.  Roman Theatre.  Cambridge.
Rawson, Elizabeth. 1985. “Theatrical Life in Republican Rome and Italy.” PCBSR 53: 97-113.
Traina, A. 1970. Vortit barbare. Le traduzioni poetiche da Livio Andronico a Cicerone. Rome.

Works on Roman comedy

Arnott, W. Geoffrey. 1975. Menander, Plautus, Terence. G&R New Surveys in the Classics, No. 9. Oxford.
Duckworth, George. 1952. The Nature of Roman Comedy: A Study in Popular Entertainment. Princeton.
Dutsch, Dorota. 2008. Feminine Discourse in Roman Comedy: On Echoes and Voices. Oxford.
Gaiser, K. 1972. “Zur Eigenart der römischen Komödie: Plautus und Terenz gegenüber ihren griechischen Vorbildern,” ANRW 1.2: 1027-1113.
Goldberg, Sander M. “Roman Comedy Gets Back to Basics,” Journal of Roman Studies 101 (2011): 206-21.  Review of recent scholarship.
Hunter, Richard L. 1985. The New Comedy of Greece and Rome. Cambridge.
Konstan, David. 1983. Roman Comedy. Ithaca.
Leffingwell, Georgia. 1918. Social and Private Life at Rome in the Time of Plautus and Terence.New York.
Leigh, Matthew. 2004. Comedy and the Rise of Rome. London.
López Gregoris, Rosario. 2002. El amor en la comedia latina. Análisis léxico y semántico. Madrid.
Marshall, C.W. 2006. The Stagecraft and Performance of Roman Comedy. Cambridge.
Ritschl, Friedrich. 1845. Parerga zu Plautus und Terenz. Berlin; repr. Amsterdam, 1965.
Sharrock, Alison. 2009. Reading Roman Comedy: Poetics and Playfulness in Plautus and Terence. Cambridge.
Segal, Erich (ed.). 2001. Oxford Readings in Menander, Plautus, and Terence. Oxford.
Sutton, Dana F. 1993. Ancient Comedy: The War of the Generations. New York.
Wiles, David. 1991. The Masks of Menander: Sign and Meaning in Greek and Roman Performance. Cambridge.
Wright, John. 1974. Dancing in Chains: The Stylistic Unity of the Comoedia Palliata. Rome.


McCarthy, Kathleen. 2000. Slaves, Masters, and the Art of Authority in Plautine Comedy. Princeton.
Parker, Holt. 1989. “Crucially Funny or Tranio on the Couch: The Servus Callidus and Jokes about Torture.” TAPA 119: 233-246.
Spranger, Peter. 1984. Historische Untersuchungen zu den Sklavenfiguren des Plautus und Terenz. 2nd ed. Stuttgart.
Stewart, Roberta. Forthcoming. Slavery and Slave Experience in Plautine Rome. Malden.


Adams, J. N. 1984. “Female Speech in Latin Comedy.” Antichthon 18: 43-77.
della Corte, F. 1969. “Personaggi femminili in Plauto.” Dioniso XLIII: 485-497.
Dutsch, Dorota. 2008. Feminine Discourse in Roman Comedy: On Echoes and Voices. Oxford.
Fantham, Elaine. 1975. “Sex, Status, and Survival in Hellenistic Athens: A Study of Women in New Comedy.” Phoenix 29: 45-58.
García Jurado, F. 1993. “Las criticas misóginas a las matronas por medio de las meretrices en la comedia plautina.” CFCL: 39-48.
Gilula, Dwora. 1980. “The Concept of the Bona Meretrix: A Study of Terence’s Courtesans.”  RFIC 108: 142-65.
James, Sharon L. 1998a. “Introduction: Constructions of Gender and Genre in Roman Comedy and Elegy.” Helios 25: 3-16.
———-. 1998b. “From Boys to Men: Rape and Developing Masculinity in Terence’s Hecyra and Eunuchus.” Helios 25: 31-48.
———-. 2005a. “Effeminate Elegy, Comic Women, and the Gender of Language: Recovering a Female Voice in Latin.” Paper contributed to Latin Seminar at APA Meeting, Boston.
———-. 2006. “A Courtesan’s Choreography: Female Liberty and Male Anxiety at the Roman Dinner Party.” 224-262 in Christopher Faraone and Laura McClure, edd., Prostitutes and Courtesans in the Ancient World, Madison.
Johnston, Patricia. 1980. “Poenulus 1.2 and Roman Women.” TAPA 110: 143-159.
Lowe, J.C.B. 1989. “The Virgo Callida of Plautus’ Persa.” CQ 39: 390-99.
Peppe, L. 2002. “Le forti donne di Plauto.” Plauto testimone della società del suo tempo 4: 67-92. Napoli.
Pierce, Karen. 1997. “The Portrayal of Rape in New Comedy.” In S. Deacy and K. Pierce, edd., Rape in Antiquity, 163-84. London.
———-. “Ideals of Masculinity in New Comedy.” In L. Foxhall and J. Salmon, edd., Thinking Men: Masculinity and Its Self-Representation in the Classical Tradition. 130-47. London.
Petrone, G. 1988. “Ridere in silenzio: tradizione misogina e trionfo dell’ intelligenza femminile nella commedia plautina.” 87-103 in La donna nel mondo antico, vol. 2. Ed. R. Uglione. Torino.
Rei, A. 1988. “Villains, Wives and Slaves in the Comedies of Plautus.” 92-108 in S. Joshel and S. Murnaghan, edd. Women and Slaves in Greco-Roman Culture. London.
Rosivach, V. J. 1998. When a Young Man Falls in Love: The Sexual Exploitation of Women in New Comedy. London.
Saller, R. 1993. “The Social Dynamics of Consent to Marriage and Sexual Relations: The Evidence of Roman Comedy.” 83-104 in Angeliki Laiou, ed., Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies. Washington, D.C.
Schuhmann, E. 1977. “Der Typ der uxor dotata in den Komoedien des Plautus.” Philologus 121: 45-65.
————. 1978. “Zur sozialen Stellung der Frau in den Komödien des Plautus.” Altertum 24: 97-102.
————. 1989. “Die soziale Stellung der Hetären in den Komödien des Plautus.” Index 17: 155-61.
Slater, N. 1988. “The Fictions of Patriarchy in Terence’s Hecyra.” CW 81: 249-60.
Smith, L. 1994. “Audience Response to Rape: Chaerea in Terence’s Eunuchus.” Helios 21: 21-38.
Stärk, E. 1990. “Plautus’ uxores dotatae im Spannungsfeld literarischer Fiktion und gesellchaftlicher Realität.” Theater & Gesellschaft im Imperium Romanum: 69-79.

Meter and Music

Lindsay, W.M. 1922. Early Latin Verse. Oxford.
Maurach, Gregor. 1964. Untersuchungen zum Aufbau plautinischer Lieder. Göttingen.
Moore, T.J. 2012. Music in Roman Comedy. Cambridge, Eng.
Questa, Cesare. 2007. La metrica di Plauto e di Terenzio. Urbino.
Ritschl, F. “Canticum und diverbium bei Plautus,” Rheinisches Museum 26 (1871) 599-637.
———-. Nachtrag zu “Canticum und diverbium bei Plautus,” Rheinisches Museum 27 (1872) 186-192, Rheinisches Museum 27 (1872) 352ff, repr. in Opuscula Philologica 3 (Leipzig: Teubner, 1877), 1-54.
Soubiran, Jean. 1988. Essai sur la versification dramatique des Romains : senaire iambique et septenaire trochaique. Paris.



Bertini, Ferruccio. 1971. “Venti’ anni di studi plautini in Italia (1950-1970).” Bollettino di Studi Latini 1: 23-41.
Bubel, Frank. 1992. Bibliographie zu Plautus, 1976-1989. Bonn.
Fogazza, Donatella. 1976. “Plauto 1935-1975.” Lustrum 19: 79-295.
Hanson, J.A. 1965-1966. “Scholarship on Plautus Since 1950.” Classical World 59: 103-107, 126-129, 141-148.
Hughes, J. David. 1975. A Bibliography of Scholarship on Plautus.  Amsterdam.
Segal, Erich. 1981. “Scholarship on Plautus, 1965-1976.” Classical World 74: 353ff.


Lodge, Gonzalez. 1904-1938. Lexicon Plautinum. Leipzig.


Buck, Charles Henry, Jr. 1940. A Chronology of the Plays of Plautus. Baltimore.
Schutter, Klaas. 1952. Quibus annis comoediae Plautinae primum actae sint quaeritur. Gröningen.
Sedgewick, W. B. 1949. “Plautine Chronology.” AJP 70: 376-83.

Plautus and His Greek Originals

Bain, D. 1979. “Plautus vortit barbare. Plautus Bacchides 526-61 and Menander Dis Exapaton 102-12.” 17-34 in Creative Imitation and Latin Literature. Cambridge.
Fraenkel, Eduard. 1922. Plautinisches im Plautus. Berlin.
———-. 1960. Elementi plautini in Plauto. Florence. (Italian translation of Fraenkel 1922).
———-. 2007. Plautine Elements in Plautus, transl. T. Drevikovsky and F. Muecke. Oxford.
Handley, Eric. 1968. “Menander and Plautus.” Inaugural Lecture, University College, London, 5 Feb, 1968. London.
Lefèvre, Eckard, Ekkehard Stärk, and Gregor Vogt-Spira. 1991. Plautus barbarus: Sechs Kapitel zur Originalität des
. ScriptOralia 25. Tübingen.
Leo, Friedrich. 1912. Plautinische Forschungen zur Kritik und Geschichte der Komödie. Berlin.
Zagagi, Netta. 1980.  Tradition and Originality in Plautus: Studies of the Amatory Motifs in Plautine Comedy.

Plautine “Metatheatre”

Barchiesi, Marino. 1969. “Plauto e il ‘metateatro’ antico.” Il Verri 31: 113-130.
Chiarini, Gioachino. 1979. La recita: Plauto, la farsa, la festa. Bologna.
Moore, Timothy J. 1988. The Theater of Plautus: Playing to the Audience. Austin.
Muecke, Francis. 1986. “Plautus and the Theatre of Disguise.” Classical Antiquity 5: 216-229.
Petrone, Gianna. 1977. Morale e antimorale nelle commedie di Plauto: Ricerche sullo Stichus. Palermo.
———-. 1983. Teatro antico e inganno: Finzioni Plautine. Palermo.
Slater, Niall W. 1985. Plautus in Performance: The Theatre of the Mind. Princeton.


Abel, Karlhans. 1955. Die Plautusprologe. Diss. Frankfurt.
Anderson, William S. 1993. Barbarian Play: Plautus’ Roman Comedy. Toronto.
Benz, Lore, Ekkehard Stärk, and Gregor Vogt-Spira (edd.). 1995. Plautus und die Tradition des Stegreifspiels. Tübingen.
della Corte, Francesco. 1952. Da Sarsina a Roma: Ricerche Plautine. Genova.
Earl, D. C. 1960. “Political Terminology in Plautus.” Historia 9: 235-243.
Dorey, T. A. and Dudley, Donald K. (edd.). 1965. Roman Drama. London.
Fontaine, Michael. 2009. Funny Words in Plautine Comedy. New York.
Gratwick, A. S. 1973. “Titus Maccius Plautus.” Classical Quarterly 23: 78-84.
Gruen, Erich S. 1990. “Plautus and the Public Stage.” 124-57 in Studies in Greek Culture and Roman Policy. Leiden.
Langen, Peter. 1880. Beiträge zur Kritik und Erklärung des Plautus. Leipzig. Repr. Hildesheim. 1973.
Lindsay, W. M. 1896. An Introduction to Latin Textual Emendation Based on the Text of Plautus. New York.
Lindsay, W. M. 1907. The Syntax of Plautus. Oxford. Repr. New York, 1936.
Segal, Erich. 1987. Roman Laughter: The Comedy of Plautus. 2nd edition. London.
Taladoire, Barthélémy. 1956. Essai sur le comique de Plaute. Monte Carlo.
Thierfelder, Andreas. 1929. De rationibus interpolationum Plautinarum. Leipzig. Repr. Hildesheim,1979.
Wiles, David. 1988. “Taking Farce Seriously: Recent Critical Approaches to Plautus.” 261-71 in Themes in Drama, 10:   Farce, ed. James Redmond. Cambridge.
Wright, John. 1982. “Plautus.” 501-23 in Ancient Writers: Greece and Rome, ed. T. James Luce. Volume I: Homer to
. New York.
Zwierlein, Otto. Zur Kritik und Exegese des Plautus. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz,
Abhandlungen der geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse. Stuttgart.
I: Poenulus und Curculio. Jahrgang 1990, Nr. 4.
II: Miles gloriosus. Jahrgang 1991, Nr. 3.
III: Pseudolus. Jahrgang 1991, Nr. 14.
IV: Bacchides. Jahrgang 1992, Nr. 4.



Goldberg, S. M. 1981. “Scholarship on Terence and the Fragments of Roman Comedy, 1959-1980,” Classical World 75: 77-115.
Marti, H. “Terenz 1909-1959.” Lustrum 6 (1961) 114-238; 8 (1963) 5-101, 244-64.


McGlynn, Patrick. Lexicon Terentianum. London. 1963 and 1967.


Bagordo, Andreas. 2001. Beobachtungen zur Sprache des Terenz: mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der umgangssprachlichen Elemente. Gottingen.
Karakasis, Evangelos. 2005. Terence and the Language of Roman Comedy. Cambridge.


Arnott, W. Geoffrey. “Terence’s Prologues.” 1-7 in Papers of the Liverpool Latin Seminar 5.
Büchner, K. Das Theater des Terenz. Heidelberg, 1974.
Denzler, Bruno. 1908. Der Monolog bei Terenz. Zürich.
Forehand, W.G. 1985. Terence. Boston.
Goldberg, Sander M. 1986. Understanding Terence. Princeton.
Haffter, Heinz. 1953. “Terenz und seine künstlerische Eigenart,” Museum Helveticum 10: 1-20,
73-102. Translated as Terenzio e la sua personalità artistica. Rome. 1969.
Jones, L. W. and C. R. Morey. 1932. The Miniatures of the Manuscripts of Terence Prior to the Thirteenth Century. Princeton.
Ludwig, W. 1968. “The Originality of Terence and his Greek Models. ” GRBS 9: 169-92.
Parker, Holt. 1996. “Plautus vs. Terence: Audience and Popularity Re-examined.” AJP 117: 585-617.
Sandbach, F.H. 1982. “Terence.” In Ancient Writers: Greece and Rome, ed. T. James Luce. Volume I: Homer to Caesar. New York.
Wright, David H. 2006. The Lost Late Antique Illustrated Terence.  Città del Vaticano.